Your preschooler is at an amazing stage of development. Here are 6-year-old development milestones you are likely to see during this year, when she’s in Kindergarten 2 and preparing for primary school.
She has literacy and numeracy skills
Your kid can read and write her own name without needing to copy it, and the foundation of literacy skills is firmly established. One of the milestones at 6 years old is that her number skills have also improved and she copes with simple arithmetical calculations that were previously too challenging for her.
She can draw her way out of a maze
When given a drawing of a maze (two parallel zigzagging lines roughly half an inch apart), she can draw a line while keeping the tip of the pencil inside the lines of the maze. she has sufficient hand control and concentration to cope with this, without making a mistake.
She uses social language
She is more confident when meeting new children, and is able to use opening phrases, such as “Would you like to play with my toy?” or “I like skipping, would you like to play with me?” or “That’s a nice bag.” She understands the social purpose of language and uses it effectively.
She asks purposeful questions
For instance, she can ask the neighbourhood shopkeeper for an item (in your presence, of course). Her increased confidence also enables her to ask when she genuinely needs to know something, not just when she wants to make herself the centre of attention.
(Also read: 4 ways to boost your child’s confidence)
She can play a board game with dice
She can cooperate with her peers to play a board game together. She looks at the dice closely, counts the correct number of spots on it, then she moves her piece on the board the appropriate number of squares. This enables her and peers to play complex games cooperatively together.
She has developed memory strategies
Show her nine objects, three to do with writing (pen, pencil, paper, three to do with eating (fork, cup, biscuit) and three to do with crafts (scissors, adhesive tape, glue). Remove them from her sight after a few seconds, and ask her to remember as many as she can. She recalls them by structuring the objects into groups.
(Also read: How to improve your kid’s memory skills)
She has good coordination
She can now use a skipping rope, and may even be able to propel herself along on inline skates. The more she practises these complex motor coordination tasks, the better she becomes. Don’t let her give up if she struggles – gently persuade her to persist until she notices the improvement herself.
Her balance has improved
This is one of the fun development milestones for 6-year-olds to check out. Ask your child to stand upright with her arms by her side and then touch her toes with the tips of her fingers, without bending her knees as she does so. She may achieve this, though she might overbalance at first, or perhaps try to bend her knees. She can balance on one leg, and then while in that position, sway gently in a circle.
She understands rules
Tell her, for instance, that going to bed at a reasonable time means she’ll feel good the next day, or that not hitting another child means that other child is unlikely to hit her. She’s old enough to grasp why you have these rules, and this increases the chance that she’ll follow them.
She thinks independently
She doesn’t simply follow her pals aimlessly without having her own ideas. She can make up her own mind without group pressure. Let her voice her opinions, even if they clash with your views. Discussions like this get your child into the habit of thinking for herself.
At the end of the day, these 6-year-old development milestones are a guide, as every child progresses at their own pace. However, if you’re concerned that your K2 child is lagging behind, do consult your paediatrician for further advice and diagnosis.